A SPOTLIGHT ON INTERPERSONAL AND COMMUNITY HIV STIGMA & DISCRIMINATION
What do we mean by ‘interpersonal and community HIV stigma’?
Interpersonal-level HIV stigma relates to social networks and social support systems that can influence individual behaviors, including family, friends, peers, co-workers, religious networks, customs or traditions.
Community-level HIV stigma refers to relationships among organizations, institutions and informational networks within limited defined boundaries, including faith and community leaders.
What were the key findings from the Positive Perspectives research? 1
- Over half of the people surveyed (53%) had experienced social stigma (e.g., feelings of isolation from local community or social circle) in the last year
- Nearly a fifth (19%) said they had felt isolated as a result of the attitudes of their local community
- A third (33%) said they had experienced physical stigma (e.g., instances of being shunned or abandoned by someone, harassment, asked to use implements or facilities separate from others or even violence) in the last year and nearly half (46%) said they had experienced verbal stigma (e.g., gossip, taunting, scolding, labeling) in the last year (1,085)
- 64% believe that with better education, stigma can be addressed and/or minimized.
What can be done:
- Workshops and training to build skills and leadership
- Promote inclusive language in the community and public spaces
- Provide career development opportunities
- Provide tools to effectively address self and interpersonal stigma. Example: Name It, Claim It, Stop It.3
- The Positive Perspectives Survey Report. 2017. Available at: https://edgesuite.gskstatic.com/Viiv/viivhealthcare/pdf_files/master/main/positive-perspectives-survey-report-finalcompressed.pdf. Last accessed: January 2021
- Exploring HIV Stigma Infographics, ViiV Healthcare.
- Name It, Claim It. Stop It Developed by Kevin Berrill, former director of Anti-Violence Project of National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, and Daryl Cummings-Wilson.