Understanding HIV drug resistance
Sometimes HIV can become resistant to antiretroviral medication. This means that a particular HIV drug, or class of drugs can no longer stop the virus from replicating itself and your viral load will become detectable again. Should this happen, your healthcare team will work with you to find alternative medication to help you get your HIV back under control.
Having good treatment adherence – taking your medication at the right time every day – is the best way to minimise the risk of HIV drug resistance. However, it is possible to have a strain of the virus which is already resistant to certain HIV antiretroviral drugs before you even begin treatment – it’s estimated that this happens to up to 10% of adults starting ART globally.1
If you have any concerns about HIV drug resistance or feel like your treatment routine isn’t working for you, speak to your healthcare team. For some handy hints to help you keep a good treatment routine, see tips to stay on track.