EMOTIONAL CHALLENGES FOR PEOPLE LIVING WITH HIV
Science in HIV treatment has travelled long and far, but what about the emotional and stigma related challenges of living with HIV?
HIV has changed. Thanks to treatment advances, HIV has become a long-term health condition and many people living with HIV with access to treatment are now living longer, healthier lives than before. However, emotional challenges continue to impact many people’s day-to-day lives.
HIV stigma and discrimination
Despite treatment advances, stigma and discrimination remain a part of living with HIV. Having many guises, HIV stigma may be perpetuated through our laws and institutions, through communities, between individuals or by oneself in the form of self-stigma.
With these different levels of stigma to deal with, people living with HIV can sometimes experience heightened levels of emotional and psychological issues including fear, guilt, abandonment, lack of worth and harassment.1
In Positive Perspectives, an international survey that sought to further understand the experiences of people living with HIV, 82% (909/1,111) of respondents living with HIV had experienced some form of stigma or discrimination within the past year.1
“After I was diagnosed, and I became undetectable, I started dating again… the HIV shouldn't have been an issue, but it always seemed to be a barrier in relationships.”
It’s good to talk
Having the confidence to talk openly to a healthcare professional (HCP) about health issues of concern can also be empowering for a person living with HIV and lead to better adherence and improved treatment outcomes.2 Not only do informed conversations help individuals decide on which treatment is right for them, they can also support a person’s emotional well-being.2 Healthcare providers play very important roles in facilitating this dialogue.
“I can only communicate openly if the doctor has a basic understanding of how I behave in different situations and what my priorities in life are. The patient is thus considered a whole, and by that, I mean not only as a body that works, but also how I feel is considered’’
Despite the benefits of talking, nearly 30% (322/1,111) of people living with HIV in the Positive Perspectives survey were not very comfortable raising issues of concern around their HIV management with their healthcare professional.1
In addition to open discussions with a doctor or nurse, talking about HIV at a peer-to-peer or a wider, societal level, can help increase understanding of what it is to live with HIV, and help shift misperceptions.1
“I think my number one piece of advice to someone who has just been diagnosed would be to tell someone. I think the worst thing I did was to bottle it up.”
- The Positive Perspectives Survey Report. 2017. Available at: https://edgesuite.gskstatic.com/Viiv/viivhealthcare/pdf_files/master/main/positive-perspectives-survey-report-finalcompressed.pdf. Last accessed: January 2021
- Chen, W. et al. Engagement with Health Care Providers Affects Self- Efficacy, Self-Esteem, Medication Adherence and Quality of Life in People Living with HIV. Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research 2013, 04(11)